Time to start building!

  • How to add, delete, and change the order of questions in a form
  • What some of the different question types are
  • How to add Question IDs and what they mean
  • Adding and editing Label Text

1- Learn how to navigate the Form Builder

After hitting "create" or "edit" on your form, you are inside the Form Builder. The Form Builder is Dimagi's easy-to-use interface for building CommCare forms. As mentioned in CommCare Fundamentals, once you are comfortable with the process and structure, it is possible to use other tools to create forms.

Question Tree

Along the left side of the screen you will see the Question Tree. Selecting the 'Add Question' button will display a list of question types that you can have in your form. 

  

Each icon represents a category of question that you can add to your form. These questions will appear in your "Question Tree" in the order they will appear on your device. From top to bottom, these are the categories of question types:

You can hover your cursor over the question button to see the type of question it will add. Click on the drop-down next to each category to see a list of all possible question types. For more information on the From Builder and Question types see our Form Builder Help Page.

Click on 'Add Question' to add a Text question. You should see the following:

You will now see that there are two sections in the Form Builder main page:

  1. Question Tree - this is where you will be able to navigate among questions and change the order of questions. This is the portion on the left hand side.
  2. Question Properties - this is where you control the actual content and properties of each question. This is the section on the right-hand side. This section can be further divided into three other sections that are controlled by the drop down menu in the upper right hand corner.

  

  1. Logic- this is where you can control whether a question is required, whether you only want a question to display some of the time, and if you want to put any limits on what type of answer you will accept.
  2. Media- for adding multimedia
  3. Advanced- advanced options that are discussed in other tutorials.

In this tutorial we will only be concerned with the Basic and Logic sections.

Try adding any text in the Question ID and Display Text boxes (i.e. try writing "patient name" or "address")

Delete this text question by using the red delete button in the upper right-hand corner.

 

You cannot put just anything as a Question ID. Here are the rules:

  • No spaces (underscores are fine; if you try to add a space it will be replaced by an underscore)
  • No special characters (like "&" and "$")
  • Cannot start with a number
  • Cannot be the same as another Question ID in the same form

If you violate one or more of these rules, you'll get a warning message! Try it!

In addition, we can suggest some best practices for Question IDs:

  • Make them descriptive- when you look at the data exports you are not going to see the Label text; you are only going to see the Question ID.
  • Be consistent- it is best to have a simple system such as using CamelCase or using underscores like first_name. This will make it easier when you are referencing Question IDs later.

 


2- Add questions

Let's start adding questions to this form.

Text question: Woman's Name

This will create a text question, wherein the user will see a box and a full keyboard to type alphanumeric text. It should look like this in the form builder:

You can ignore everything that is not in this "Basic" section.

Question ID is what the data will look like when viewing the form submission. The mobile user WILL NOT see the question ID, only people look at the data will. If you are going to use a data analysis package, you may want to consider what format of the Question ID will be easiest for your software to process.

Display Text is the text that the mobile user will see. If you have more than one language in your application you will have labels for each language, but the same Question ID. You can have any type of special character (or non-English text) in a Label.

 

Here's how the question will look on CommCare for Android:

Text Question: Village Name

Easy, right?

Double check it:

Here's how it is going to look on the phone:

 

Changing the Order

Look at the question tree- now we have two questions, "Woman's Name:" and "Village Name:". Let's say we want to put "Village Name:" as the first question. You will click on "Village Name:" in the Question Tree, and then drag it above "Woman's Name:". There is a small bar that will show where the question is going to be inserted and you will also see a green check mark.  It will look like this:

Date Question: Last Menstrual Period (LMP)

Everything is the same as when you added a text question, just the question type is different!

You can change the question type using the dropdown menu in the upper left corner of the Question Properties box. The questions are indicated by the same icons as in the Question Bar.

Here's how this question will look on the phone (note that calendar questions may differ depending upon phone models):

 

Multiple Choice Question: Had previous pregnancy?

Now comes a new type of question- the Multiple Choice question. We are going to ask a "yes or no" question- whether or not the woman previously gave birth.

This means we need to add three things:

To do that, click on the "Add Question" question button in the Question tree to add a question. Make sure you choose the Multiple Choice option (Careful! We want a single answer question rather than a checkbox question). By default, no display text, question ID or choices are added with a multiple choice question. Let's change that!

Click on the multiple choice question (the blank question displayed in the image above) and fill out the Display Text and Question ID:

However, we also need to add choices to the question. Select 'Add Choice' button and you will see something similar to what you have seen for other questions. By default, there are no choices, so let's press the button twice to add two:

 

The Choice Value is similar to the Question ID - this is how the data will be coded; the Display Text is the text that the user will see. 

Set the first one to:

And the second choice:

It will look like this:

Here is how this question will appear on the phone:

 

Number Questions: How Many Children?

This next two questions will be easy again. We want to add two number questions. Because we only want to count whole numbers of children (1, 2, 3) and not decimals (1.4, 2.5) we will use integer questions. 

Click on 'Add Question,' followed by the 'Number' question type to add the integer questions.

The first one should look like this:

And then make a second question like this:

How does it look?

Here's how it will look on the phone:

 

Multiple Choice Question: Feeling Sick today?

Almost done with the first part!

Add another Multiple Choice question:

Then add two choices:

Label: Be sure to tell the woman to go to get her check-up!

The last thing we want to add is a screen that does not ask for any information, but only provides a written message to the mobile user. We want to remind her to tell the pregnant woman to go to the clinic. 

To add a label you will need to click on the 'Add Question' button to open the menu and select the Label question type:

Then set the main properties as follows:

You're done adding questions! Here is what your Question Tree should look like:

You've got a beautiful form! But before we go too far we should test the form. It's important to test your form frequently so you can catch mistakes early. Fortunately, CommCare has a built in tool for form testing that doesn't even require a phone.

Go on to the next section, Part 4.